Parliament, the name comes from latin Parliamentum. The word Parley means to speak with another. Parliament derived from this word. In 13 century the king of England was in trouble for the war with Scotland. At that time he called a meeting with barons ( wealthy landlords ). He made an agreement with barons for financial help and gave them some ruling power. We know it as magna carta agreement. In this way the the ruling power of the whole country goes to common people steadily. The government of that nation runs by two houses . one is House of commons and other is House of lords . Supreme of these houses is queen of that country. Of late, almost all countries governments is either parliamentary or presidential system. Only three countries have no government. The name of those countries:- Federated States of Micronesia, Nauru and Palau.
Formation of Indian Sansad is as like as England. Article 79 of Indian shows formation of Rajya Sabha as House of lords in England. As per article 74 is formation of sansad as house of commons in England.
Dissolution of Parliament
In India, the Lok Sabha has a five-year term. it may break before. As per Article 83(2) of the Constitution, five years from the first day to five years of Lok sabha. Lok sabha can come to an end before its maturity. On the request of the Prime Minister. President can dissolve It. It may finish its term if the President feels that the government is not competent.
Then no party gets majority of seats in an election then we know it as hung parliament. In this case two or parties joins and make majority to form government. Second possibility is that one party forms government and other parties support to make majority. Then no party gets majority of seats in an election then we know it as hung parliament. When both the above cases fails then the previous government takes charge up to next election.
There are two types of committees. Standing committee and ad hoc committee. Standing committee is permanent . Ad hoc committee is temporary for the time being for a fixed purpose. There are several committees in parliament.
The names of the committees are:-Public accounts committee , estimate committee , .Public undertaking , Advisory, women’s empower, SC,ST, and several other committees are there.
Member of Parliament
The number of Rajya Sabha members are two hundred fifty. Two hundred thirty eight comes from the States and Union Territories. President nominate twelve . Rajya Sabha is a perpetual body. One third of the members changes for every two year. New members comes in vacant places. Therefore the term of rajya sabha is six years.
Lok Sabha:-Five hundred and thirty members elected from states. Twelve comes from union territories. President nominates two members. Those are from the Anglo-Indian Community. The number of MPs of the House is five hundred and forty five. The power of Lok Sabha and Rajya sabhha is almost same. In case of money bill Rajya sabha has no power to amend.
Member of the European Parliament
European union has its own parliament. This is one of the seven union in Europe. foundation day is 10th September Nineteen hundred and fifty two. There are seven hundred and five members in it. Its head quarter is at Brussels in Belgium.
Parliament of the World’s Religions
It is worlds interfaith association. Chicago is the origin of it. Main aim of this parliament is to get closer the people of different religions. Its first convention was in the year 1893. In that meeting an Indian Swami Vivekananda preaches for Hindus. . That was famous lecture till date. After hundred years in 1993 again Chicago conveyed this meet. After that this meeting arranged at Cape Town (1999), Barcelona (2004), Melbourne (2009), Salt Lake City (2015), and Toronto (2018). Speakers were His Holiness the XIV Dalai Lama, President Nelson Mandela, UN Messenger of Peace Dr. Jane Good all,
Of late, we have seen that young is being anxious to see the changes.. Wish to see the nations development., It was clear through the dynamic support of youth. Youth working in different ways. They coming up short on an positive vision.. and even the administration appears not to be in a state of harmony with our genuine needs. This caused us to understand that to cause our country to develop in a merged methodology. towards one bearing is need of great importance. Therefore, we are presenting a stage where specialists of each field, regardless of whether it’s governmental ,or not.
Specialists will have a chance to show the vision past arrangement and offer little objectives to the young to progress. Likewise, youth will get the stage to share their ground level hardships. Issues and necessities with the goal that the specialists will consider those noteworthy. They can work as per needs. We are working intimately with youth as a social gathering. https://www.indianyouthparliament.co.in/